Poland can be reached by air from every major city in Europe in a mere two to three hours. There are thirteen civilian airports providing domestic and international passenger transport services. The largest and most important is the Fryderyk Chopin Airport, formerly known as Okęcie Airport. Located in Warsaw, it maintains direct routes with other cities in Poland, as well as with more than thirty countries in Europe and around the world.
Poland’s primary carrier is LOT Polish Airlines, a member of Star Alliance. Other renowned airlines also operate in Poland; Lufthansa, Emirate Airlines, and British Airways are just a few examples. A number of budget carriers, including Wizz Air, Ryanair and easyJet, are also a presence in the country’s air passenger transport sector.
Poland has more than 383 thousand kilometres (238 000 miles) of public roads, including 1 388 kilometres (862 miles) of motorways and 1 107 kilometres (688 miles) of trunk roads / expressways. More than 252 kilometres (157 miles) of motorways and 395 kilometres (245 miles) of trunk roads / expressways are currently under construction in the country.
Using the A1, A2 and A4 motorways incurs a toll; the amount to be paid depends on distance and vehicle type.
In addition, a toll is payable for the use of any of the country’s trunk roads / expressways by vehicles with a maximum permissible weight of more than 3.5 tons and vehicles towing a trailer and with a combined weight in the same category. The payment must be made electronically through the viaTOLL system, at www.viatoll.pl.
A litre of petrol or diesel costs around 5.5 zloty (EUR 1.3) in Poland and a litre of LPG / autogas, approximately 2.5 zloty (EUR 0.6).
There is also a well-developed network of fast coach lines servicing domestic and international routes.
As far as car rental is concerned, the big international networks such as Hertz, Europcar and Avis operate in Poland, as do smaller, local companies which often offer a high-quality service at competitive prices.
The average density of Poland’s railway network is one of the highest in the world; the total length is around 20 thousand kilometres (12 500 miles). It is possible to travel all over the country by rail, as well as on international routes; there are direct rail links to Amsterdam, Berlin, Budapest, Kiev, Lviv, Minsk, Moscow, Prague Vienna and Vilnius.
primary rail carrier is PKP Group (Grupa PKP; Polskie Koleje Państwowe / Polish
State Railways). Tickets can be bought at railway stations and online.
There are regular ferry crossings between Poland, Denmark and Sweden. Ferries sail from Świnoujście, Kołobrzeg, Gdynia and Gdańsk to Copenhagen and Nexø in the case of the former and Karlskrona, Nynäshamn, Trelleborg and Ystad in that of the latter. The routes are covered by several Polish operators, who offer cargo shipping in addition to passenger transport.